Despite its economic attractiveness, Romania still has a lack of infrastructure, as the expansion of the road and railway network has been neglected over the years. Public transport routes built under communism to connect large industrial areas with neighboring residential areas have not been completely adapted to the new requirements during the past 30 years. Public transport infrastructure has been modernized (mainly through the acquisition of new means of transport), but has not been connected to the new urban development areas. There is also a shortage of intermodal nodes that would improve passenger transportation and ensure the optimal connection between localities.
In 2022 there were 86.336 km of national roads in Romania, but only 949 km of highways and 6.197 km of European roads.
The length of public railways was 10,615 km. The densest lines are in the Bucharest-Ilfov region (206.3%), the West region (60%), the N-V region (47.9%) and the South-Muntenia region (43.8%).
Continuous growth in the volume of freight transport has led to an increase in the number of road freight vehicles, with additional costs, pollution, accidents and negative social effects.
Intermodal transport makes it possible to combine the specific advantages of each mode of transport, such as the flexibility of road transport, the high capacity of rail transport, the low cost of maritime transport and the high speed of air transport, to the advantage of a particular route.
The Romanian government has acknowledged the problem and planned investments of 36 billion euros for the period 2016-2030, according to the Master Plan for Transport (GTMP) which summarizes the strategic development of the entire transport infrastructure in Romania.
The positive evolution of private consumption in recent years has influenced logistics services in Romania.
Experts believe that Romania has recently recovered a lot from the gaps it had in the field of transport and is able to offer better logistics services. To continue this trend, Romania must allocate significant sums of money for the development of transport infrastructure, to take advantage of the favorable geographical location and to become an important logistics center in Central and Eastern Europe. Romania’s advantages are characterized by two main geographical factors: one is the proximity to developed markets in Central Europe, and the other is the existence of the port of Constanța on the Black Sea, a good connection between Europe and Asia.